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General Information

Egypt is the Arab Republic located in northeastern Africa. It borders to Libya, Israel, the Gaza Strip and two seas: The Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.

Egypt is predominantly Muslim and the official language is Arabic, however due to the great number of foreign tourists visiting Egypt, mainly in well-known sea resorts, it is easy to communicate in other languages like English, German and French.

Egypt has a population of 80 million, but the settlement is focused mainly along the Nile valley. It is the only stable river in Egypt and at the same time the longest river in the world.

Egypt is divided geographically into 4 regions: the Libyan Desert, the Arabian Desert (Eastern), the Nile Valley and Delta and the Sinai Peninsula. West of a border to Libya, spreads the Libyan Desert with dry calcareous rocks and which takes up two thirds of the total area of the country. In the south of the desert, the mountains reach the height of about 2,000 meters above sea level. In the north there is the Al-Kattara Depression (133 m). Along the Nile and the Red Sea, spreads the rocky Arabian Desert with the erosive mountains Atbaj (the highest peak is Dżabal Szaib al-Banat 2,187 m above sea level). Along the southern part of the coast run the mountains which then turn into the Abyssinian Hill. The Suez Bay joins the Red Sea with Port Said and the Mediterranean Sea with the Suez Canal. East of the canal lies the desert and hilly Sinai Peninsula with the highest peak : the St. Catherine Mountain at 2,637 m above sea level.

Egypt is the heritage of different cultures and traditions and a place where the atmosphere of ancient times, of mysteriousness and significance is still present. Originally the lands, which nowadays belong to Egypt, were settled by Assyrian and Persian tribes. These lands were then under the Ptolemaic dynasty’s rule and the most powerful ruler was Cleopatra. Egypt was later under the rule of the Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire and finally Arabs, who introduced Islam and began the arabization of the local people. In the 16th century, the country was conquered by the Ottoman Turks which had a negative impact on the economy and cultural life in the country. At the end of the 19th century, Egypt became a protectorate of Great Britain and in 1922 it regained its independence.

Egypt is a destination for a great number of tourists nowadays. It attracts tourists with its magnificent historical monuments, the heritage of its ancient powerful culture, as well as with numerous resorts, exotic plants, wonderful beaches and the warm sea. This country has also well- developed catering and accommodation facilities. There are a lot of luxury hotels which offer their guests various attractions and different forms of relaxation.